Many of us may know that Ramadan is a month of blessing, a month of reward and a month of fasting. However, many of us may not know that Ramadan was a month of victory in which Allah (swt) blessed the Ummah with conquests on the battlefield.
Why know the Ummah’s history?
– remember, reflect upon and learn from past examples
– Lessons for the future.
– An example for us.
Key events during Ramadan
Battle of Badr – 17th Ramadan 3 A.H
– The Prophet, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam and 313 of his companions set out to intercept a caravan of their own goods that had been left in Makkah.
– Led by Abu Sufyan ,50,000 dinars.
– Instead met by army of Quraish,
– Outnumbered three to one and appearing weak and unseasoned.
– Allah gave them a decisive victory on this day of Ramadan that would never be forgotten.
– First Battle of the Muslims. Won although outnumbered and out armed and fasting.
Wadi al – Qura 6 A.H.
– Zaid ibn Haritha was sent to Wadi al-Qura Fatimah bint Rabiah, the queen of that area.
– Fatimah had previously attacked a caravan led by Zaid and had succeeded in plundering its wealth.
– She was known to be the most protected woman in Arabia, as she hung fifty swords of her close relatives in her home.
– Fatimah was equally renowned for showing open hostility to Islam.
– She was killed in a battle against these Muslims in the month of Ramadan.
Opening of Makkah 8 AH
– The Prophet, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam set out with an army from Makkkah to Madinah.
– The city of Makkah was conquered without a battle, on 20 Ramadan.
– This was one of the most important dates in Islamic history for after it, Islam was firmly entrenched in the Arabian Peninsula.
– smashing the idols of Makkah,
– detachments were sent to the other major centres of polytheism and al-Lat, Manat and Suwa, some of the greatest idols of Arabia, were destroyed
The Prophet, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam, passed through approximately nine Ramadans after the Hijrah. They were filled with decisive events and left us a shining example of sacrifice and submission to Allah.
Yemen 10 AH
– Ali ibn abu talib and Khalid bin walid went to Yemen to spread Islam, all the tribe of Hamadan on hearing Prophet Muhammad’s letter embraced Islam
13 AH Khilafah of Abu Bakr
– Persians fought against Muslims. Gathered in Al Buwayb in Iraq. Persian leader killed. Two further successful attacks.
31 AH Nubians
– Broke peace treaty. Muslims (Uthmaan) fought against Nubians in Egypt with an army of 20000, new treaty was signed which enabled spread of Islam in Eastern Africa
53 AH Rhodes Island
– Liberated by Muslims from Romans who had attacked.
– Became a base for Islamic navy, and as a result of its strategic position helped in conquest of Constantinople.
582 AH Salah ud Din victory against crusaders.
What can we learn?
– A month of striving, they continued to strive to implement Islam in all areas of their life during Ramadan.
– This included dawah, work within in their community, jihad, taking opportunities that came their way. They wouldn’t stop doing these things and only focus on their selves and individual ibadah because it was Ramadan
Drew from the blessings of Ramadan to gain victory.
– The Muslims knew since the duty of fasting was prescribed upon them, that if they behaved sincerely with devotion, He would grant them decisive victories beyond imagination.
-If a Muslim fights against his desires succeeds in defeating his instincts sincerely by the intention of pleasing God, it would be then logical that he would vanquish his enemy by the will of God
– Knew the importance of developing sabr through fasting.
: “… if there are twenty amongst you, patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred. If they are a hundred, they will vanquish a thousand of the unbelievers: for these are a people without understanding.” (8:65)
The month of Ramadan in the time of the Prophet, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam. It was a time of purification, enjoining the good, forbidding the evil and striving hard with one’s life and wealth. After the death of the Prophet, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam, Muslims carried on this tradition and Allah used the true believers to affect the course of history
Ramadan is a time of great trials and crucial events
What do we do today?
– Misconceptions about fasting and the activities of a fasting person.
– We go into a state of semi-hibernation, spending most time in bed or resting.
– Unnatural sleep = lazy, dull-witted and often cranky.
What should we do?
Ramadan is actually a time of increased activity.
The believer, now lightened of the burdens of constant eating and drinking, should be more willing to strive and struggle for Allah.
– Like the sahabah we should use the blessings or Ramadan to help us in our struggle to implement Islam in to all areas of our lives.
– Many of us get angry and irritable in Ramadan and expect people to understand.
– Expecting people to change for you because you are fasting, is not expecting reward from Allah, reward from people.
– The companions fought major battles in Ramadan shows that Ramadan is not a month of laziness.
– The companions became extra patience to achieve reward, these jihad required sabr and extra effort.
– Learn how to control your temper and control your tongue.
– Who are your friends? Nothing destroys your month of Ramadan and your life like an evil mate.
– Try to bring closer to you friends who remind you of Allah SWT.
– Feel the pain of the Ummah, what our companions went through, and what they are going through today, motivate you to worship Allah and allow you to think clearly how to serve Allah in the year to come.
– The Ummah needs you. We are responsible for them. Jihad with hand, but also with tongue, with money. Reward multiplied.
– Make dua Allah preserves you from plot of shaytan from man and jin.
– Stay away from extravagance even if it is halal.
– Our Victory in Ramadan is we learn how to patiently persevere. Then as Allah promises in the above verse, victory will come to us.
– In this month we do something which requires extreme will power and dedication, and would be unthinkable to most of us the rest of the year.
– Makes us realise what we are capable of.
– Makes us understand we do not have to be slaves to our nafs, but are able to have victory over our nafs.
Reality is not what you eat and what time. It is what you learn and what you gain from Ramadan.
– If we really want to make a change become victorious in month of Ramadan we need to take that plan after Ramadan.
The sign that Ramadan is accepted from you is that Allah makes you a better person in Ramadan. Even Just one trait.
Allah loves that which is small and constant.
This is what makes you successful and victorious in Ramadan.