Category Archives: Tafsir

Seeds of Faith – Issue 1 – 25/7/13

Seeds of faith

 – Let Islam Grow within YOU

seeds of faith

Seeds of faith is a bite size weekly leaflet, which aims to boost Islamic knowledge and understanding within the mind, and inspire the blossoming of faith in the heart.

Please join us in learning one hadith, one dua and one of Allah’s name a week.

To receive the pdf version, screen shot which is above please send me your email address via facebook, email or text.

Dua from The Quran

 

حَسْبِيَ اللّهُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَهُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِي

 

Hasbiyah Allahu la Ilaa ha illa huwa. ‘alayhi twakkal tu wa huwa rabbul ‘arshil adheem (9:129)

 

Allah is sufficient for me. None has the right to be worshipped but He, in Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.

 

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said, “Allah will grant whoever recites this seven times in the morning and evening whatever he desires from this world or the next.” [Saheeh, Sunan Abee Dawood]

 

Hadith

Indeed the nearest to Allah are those who make salaam first. (Ahmad)

Exchanging salaam holds a high position in Islam. Not only is salaam equated with many other important deeds, but it is one of the defining criteria of belief.

Allah’s Names

 

The names and attributes of Allah are part of tahweed (belief). To know Allah we need to know His attributes.

 al quddus

Al Quddus :

The One who is Very Pure, Absolutely Pure, He is far and above anything that does not befit Him.

The basic meaning is derived from the word “Quds”-pure and blessed. So, Al-Quddus refers to one who is free and perfect from any deficiency, holy in all aspects

 

The First meaning of Qaf-daal-seen (ق د س), quds, is taharah (cleanliness). The verb qadasa is from the same root and it is used for the movement of a bucket. Why is it called qadasa? Because from the bucket that has water, you will obtain purity and cleanliness.

The second meaning of this root is barakah, a lot of goodness. So with this meaning, Al Quddoos means: The One who is Blessed, the One who is the Source of All Good, The One with a lot of Khayr. This root means to be or go far away. So Allah ta`ala (most High) is far from any impurity or imperfection.

 

 

 

Advertisements

Surah Al Qadr

Surah Al Qadr


Its theme is to acquaint man with the value, worth and importance of the Quran. It is a glorious Book and its revelation for mankind is full of blessings.

–          Entire Surah is for the honour of one night, demonstrating the importance and how tremendous this one night is.

–          This Surah commemorates the 1st revelation, . Its being placed just after Surah Al-Alaq in the arrangement of the Quran by itself explains that the Holy Book, the revelation of which began with the first five verses of Surah Al-Alaq. was sent down in a destiny making night.

Qadr – The word Qadr originates meaning amount, a measurement.

a)      measure of the rank of someone, ie) He has great amount  with Allah

= Great value, worth

Qadr – Destiny, the way everything is measured out, ie) How much I live, how much I work

Therefore Laylatul Qadr means the Night of Destiny and Great worth.

And Surah Al Qadr means the Surah of Destiny and Great Worth

1)      Inna anzalnahu fee laylatialqadr

Indeed we sent it down in the night of power.

Inna acts as emphasis, meaning doubt it not

Verb is in the form of “we”, this is the we of tremendousness, so it can be seen as “tremendous sending down”

It is referring to Quran, the effect of starting with a pronoun with no reference points is to emphasise and praise,

Suggests there can be no doubt to what the surah is referring to, and what this tremendous matter is that was sent down.

This has the effect that the Quran is known, present and magnified in our hearts.

“We have sent it down”

Clarifies That is, it is not a composition of Muhammad (upon whom be Allah’s peace and blessing) himself, but Allah says We Ourself have revealed it.

AL Qadr = THE power, essence of great worth, ALL the worth.

“night of destiny” has multiple meanings.

First, that it is the night during which destinies are decided

The revelation of this Book in this night is not merely the revelation of a book but an event which will change the destiny of not only the Quraish, or of Arabia, but of, the entire world

2)      Wama adraka ma laylatualqadr?

And what will explain to you what the night of power is?

What?

=what can possible explain to you the true essence of the night?

=emphasised question,

= increase impact, shows the listener that reality is beyond comprehension

=Highlights that only Allah can answer this question and tell us, none of creation knows.

Adra is in past tense, suggesting the answer will come

These two verses build up suspense and intrigue, the listener will be wanting to know more.

3)      Laylatu alqadri khayrun min alfi shahr

The night of Great Worth is better then a thousand months,

Repition of “laylatul qadr”

=great anticipation, awe and emphasis,

=noun where a pronoun is expected, oppossite to verse 1 which has a pronoun where a noun is expected.

1000 months is 83 years, which is a whole lifetime, Laylatul Qadr is better then a whole life time! If you worship in this night, it is as if you have worshipped your entire life!

Allah has given us specific places and times as He SWT wants us to give importance to this, and wants us to search them out.

Allah magnified this night, therefore we should magnify it.

Allah has hidden this night from us

-Great matters require hardwork and determination to obtain

– The people who find it will be those who are determined to.

-In His wisdom, as a mercy to us, Allah SWT has given us avidness, desire and exertion,

May Allah bless us with these things.

Laylatul Qadr can be said to be similar to

–          Blessed hour on Fridat

–          Supreme name

–          The most exalted prayer

–          Our final hour (death)

As we don’t know when it causes us to struggle and strive to gain ajr or avoid disadvantage.

4)      Tanazzalu almala-ikatu warroohufeeha bi-ithni rabbihim min kulli amr

In it the angels and the spirit descend by the leave of their Lord, for every command.

Tannazzul – implies multitude, one after another

The spirit – Jibreel, Source of knowledge, through him revelation comes down. He has a special rank

With the leave

– implies the Angles are ready and waiting to come, they want to come, as soon as the permission of Allah is given they leave.

–          The earth is blessed they want to come down.

–          Angels love believers and believers love angels.

–          Angels love dhikr, believers love dhikr

The angles come with the commands for the next year.

5)      Salamun hiya hatta matlaAAialfajr

Peace it is, till the rising of dawn

–          Salaam = pure well being, goodness, freedom from bad/pain

The word peace is first, instead of there is peace until dawn, “peace it is” this emphasises that this is the night of pure peace, the essence of peace.

NOT peaceful as an adjective, ie “the night is peaceful”

Instead emphasis; “the night is Peace”

–          Hatta =until the last moment, all the way, every moment.

The night that evil will not touch those in ibadah and angels will be praying for believers.

via Surah Al Qadr.

All that glitters is not gold!

My latest Project, a collaboration of writers, working on an online blogzine aimed at 11-15 year olds, the first issue is on friendship!

Check it out!

Deen Directions

One of the themes of Surah Kahf is the importance of good company, here is a verse which sums it up quite well:

“Keep yourself constantly in the company of those who remember their Lord in the morning and afternoons, seeking His Pleasure. Do not turn your eyes away from them to chase after the glitter of the worldly life, and do not follow the one whom I have made his heart heedless of our remembrance, the one who follows his desires and whose deeds have been lost,” (Surah Kahf 18:28)

And keep yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and afternoon, seeking His Face;
meaning, sit with those who remember Allah, who say “La Ilaha Illallah”,who praise Him, glorify
Him, declare His greatness and call on Him, morning and evening, all the servants of Allah,
whether rich or poor, strong or weak.

[This…

View original post 587 more words

My favourite surah

 

 


The tafsir of Sura al Duha was the subject of the very first Halaqa I ever went to, a few days after my reversion, and holds a special place in my heart. Although this sura is directed at a specific instance in the life of the Prophet sallalahu allayhi wa salaam, the general meaning is very apparent to me, and is a great source of comfort in times of distress.

1) By the white forenoon

At the time, all I realized about these opening oaths was that it was Allah swearing by His creation, which he does to emphasize the seriousness of the oath. Now, I can see how this description relates to the rest of the sura and to my own life. When I think back to the early days following my reversion, I perceive brightness everywhere, I remember days full of light, excitement and apprehension, in my mind everything is glossed with a vivid light, even the events that occurred at night, and this light is comparable to the forenoon, the brightest part of the day, where everything is vivid and clear. This light can also apply to the lightness I felt within me, in my breast, as my breast had been expanded, with the love of this glorious deen. The goodness in me had triumphed and overcome the darkness and permeated every part of my being. Alhamdulillah, after the darkness of jahiliya that I was engulfed in Allah had guided me! Just as after the darkness of night comes the forenoon. 
In relation to the rest of the sura, this oath emphasizes the glory of the things Allah has done for us, specifically for His Rasool sallallahu allayhi wa salaam, and generally for all of mankind. It emphasizes the light and goodness of submitting to Islam and trusting Allah, and knowing he will always be with you. It highlights the favours he has bestowed upon us all.

2) And by the night when its darkness intensifies,

This oath is a polar opposite to the first, it can be inferred from it that the oath is also being sworn by all states of light in between, the whole spectrum of light, the whole existence of light, of the wonder that Allah has given us the night for rest and the day for work. It reminds us that we worship Allah in the light and in the darkness, in times of goodness and of strife, in the middle of the day and the darkest part of the night. 
This ayah reminds me of the darkness of my times in jahiliya, of the crimes against my own soul and against Allah that I had committed, the gloomiest most depressing times in my life, when the darkness was bearing down on me. It speaks of how without Islam there is no light, how one cannot see the reality of this life, as one cannot see in the darkest part of the night. It reminds me how blind I was, until I entered Islam.

3) Thy Rabb has neither forsaken thee or hates thee.
I
n this ayah I see all the ways Allah has guided me throughout my life, how He was always there, keeping me away from the worst of dangers, the worst of sins, how no matter how I transgressed he never bid me farewell but led me by the hand, step by step, subtly and in wondrous ways, ways that I could never have foreseen. It reminds me of the tremendousness of his majesty, of the intricacy of his plans. This ayah calms me, it reassures me, it impacts me with the knowledge that as Long as I do not forget Allah, and carry on striving, that He will be there for me, cherishing me and nurturing me, overlooking my progress, and cheering me on. I know that my the very of virtue of reading or reflecting on this ayah that I have not forgotten Allah, so I am secure He won’t dessert me

4) And the akhira will be better for you than that which is first 

As a Muslim I know that it doesn’t matter what calamities I am faced with in this life, if I remain steadfast in my ibadah and have sabr, then my reward will be in the everlasting, hereafter. This ayah reminds me of the temporary nature of this world, and the goal for which I am striving for. It reminds me of the glory of jannah and the terror of hell fire, it reminds me why I reverted, and of Allah’s promises to his believing servants.

5) And that your Rabb will give to you until you are pleased.

The satisfaction and pleasure of being a Muslim is what I feel from this verse. It strengthens the feeling of having tawaaqal and knowing the promises of Allah that occurred in the preceding verse. I am pleased with Allah as my Lord, Islam as my deen and Muhammad sallalahu allayhi wa salaam as my Prophet. This verse solidifies those feelings within me, and causes my breast to lighten as I read the words. It impacts me with a deep feeling of pleasure and contentment. I am content with Islam. I am content with the lightness of feeling that comes with Islam, in comparison to the heaviness and darkness of my life before Islam, which wasn’t even my life, I see that as another person, I cannot empathize with or recognize that person. This connects with the oaths in the first two ayahs.

6) Did he not find thee an orphan and He gave support and care to you?

Of course he did! I am not a literal orphan, but my mother is. I had a skewed concept of family. My parents are divorced and I constantly felt family was something missing in my life, and looked in the wrong places to find that sense of belonging and stability and love. Allah has provided me with that which I lacked, he has enjoined me with my husband, and provided us with children to care for mashallah. Allah provided me with the means of being cared for and the means with which to care for others. I have the whole Ummah as my family now.

7) Did He not find you lost and He guided you?

Of course I was lost! I was screaming out for the need for directions, I needed someone to find me. I didn’t know which path to travel, my mind swayed from here to there. Allah provided me with this moment of clarity. I could see in my mind, just for a second, my whole life before me on a forked path. On one side was if I stayed a kafir, I could see a lifestyle of glamour and glitz, travel, romance, high paid career, but that emptiness I felt would always be there, following me, I would never be fulfilled. On the other path I saw my life as a Muslimah. Modest, nothing to show off about, just stable, married with kids, living in a modest manner, facing hardships, but inside the emptiness was gone. I had found what I was searching for. Subhanallah, it occurred in an instant, but that day I got up and went to the mosque and said my shahadah. Surrounded by brightness, my whole body was trembling with God consciousness, when I got there all I could say to the sister was “I want to take my shahadah” I did not have the energy for introductions or explanations, my whole self was focused on this one thing. She said when she saw me she thought I had been mugged because I was shaking so much! Truly Allah guided me.

8) Did he not find you impoverished, and enriched you?

Of course! He enriched me with ilm, with love, with everything I could ever want or need. I could write a whole dissertation on how Allah has enriched me!

9) As for the orphan do not overcome and humiliate him.

This reminds me of the state I was in, and how I should not be proud or judgmental over others, and how I should not treat them harshly but with compassion, the way my Rabb treated me. It also reminds me that we do not know the state in which we will die, or the state in which others will die.

10) And as for the asker do not rebuke harshly!

Before Islam I had nothing, and now I have so much, so those that come asking, or in need, I should treat them gently, the way people treated me, and the way my Rabb treated me. It also reminds me that some people do treat others harshly, so Allah blessed me through providing people around me that didn’t treat me that way.

11) And as for the blessings of your Rabb proclaim it!

This is a reminder for me to want for other people what I wanted for myself, to be thankful to Allah and to make duua my family are guided. It is a command to me to spread Islam and show others the beauty and perfection in it. It causes me to reevaluate my actions, and remember to have good character, to demonstrate to others what Islam is about and what it can give to you. When I read this I feel like going to the rooftops and shouting out! That is the picture it creates in my mind, me on a roof shouting out the beauties of Islam!

This Sura is a sura full of hope, when I feel depressed, or uncertain, I come to this sura, to show me even the Prophet Muhammad sallalahu allayhi wa salaam, felt like this sometimes. It fills me with renewed optimism for the future, and makes me more aware of Allah’s closeness to me. It also reminds me of those first days as a new Muslim, filled with anticipation and wonder, feeling apprehensive yet looking forward to the days and months and years to come, which is something I had never been able to do before. It makes my whole being feel light and airy. It makes me remember all the things Allah has done for me, which are amazing and I could never repay him for. It makes me reflect on the changes in my life and how far I have come.
In Islam there is always hope.

Ar Raheem

Ar raheem is the mercy that effects the believers “and He is ever Raheem to the believers” 33:43

It is exclusively for the believers, subhanAllah we have an attribute of Allah that is just for us! a portion of His mercy that is solely for our Ummah!

Ar raheem implies the pity, patience and forgiveness that we all need.

So next time we say these simple words “Busmillah Ar-Rahman nir Raheem” lets try and do so with understanding of the full meanings and implications behind it, the full wonder and beauty of this small statement!

Ar Rahman

`

“Allah the exalted said, ‘ I am Ar Rahman. I created the Raham (womb) and derived a name for it from My name. Hence whoever keeps it, I will keep ties to him, and whosoever severs it, I will sever ties with him'” Tirmidhi recorded in Tafsir ibn Kathir

From this we can see the importance of calling Allah by this name on a regualr basis. Allah swt likened His name Ar-Rahman, and the importance of keeping it to the importance of family ties, by reminding us of the root of the word. Cutting ourselves off from this name can be seen as similar to cutting ourselves off from the ties of the womb.

SubhanAllah, when we say the words Ar Rahman, do we realise in our hearts that this is a means of keeping ties with Allah? that without us supplicating to this name Allah would distance himself from us?

Also another important point is we often talk about the root of words backwards. Allah is not called Ar- Rahman as He swt is similar to the mercy shown to us in the womb, but the womb is called Raham after Allah’s name! Allahs attributes and names are eternal and everlasting. They have always been.

“Then He rose over the throne in a manner that suits His majesty), Ar Rahman” 22.59

demonstrating that Allah’s Rahma is something that encompasses all of creation.

“Allah vreated one hundred mercies, then he put one of them among his creatures by which they love one another, and Allah has the other ninety nine” Al Bukhari SubhanAllah, we cannot come near to imagining the compassion Allah has for his creation, it is million times more then what a mother has for her child, as a mother has one part of the compassion that she shares with all other creatures in creation and Allah has kept 99 parts!

“Our Lord, we believe; therefore forgive us and have mercy on us, for you are the best of the merciful.” 23:109

Ameen

Bismillah

Bismillah is something we all say numerous times a day, we say it in Salaah, when our children fall down, or when we pick them up or put them down, before we start something, before we eat, but how much importance do we actually give to this word? Is it only out of habit that we say it?

Allah

Allah is the greatest name of  Allah, His other names are attributes for this name Allah.

Allah encompasses all these names.

When we say “Bismillah” do we really think about what we are saying, and reflect upon who we are calling upon? The gravity behind the name on our lips?

When we say Bismillah we should feel it in our hearts, feel the power behind the  words, and connect  with the meaning of what is Allah.

%d bloggers like this: