Category Archives: Quran and Sunnah
Al-Bukhaari (520) narrated that Buraydah said:
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever does not pray ‘Asr, his good deeds will be annulled”
When it comes to Ramadan, so many of us pray and fast. We know it is required of us. We are conscious of Allah, of His SWT wrath, and His SWT mercy, we love Him and fear Him.
Even those who do not pray at all the rest of the year will pray in Ramadan. Part of the reasoning of this is as we want our efforts in fasting to be rewarded. We Don’t want to go the whole day without food and drink. We struggle and strive in order to receive a reward from Allah, we want His SWT mercy and blessings. We want our duas to be answered, and in this holy month, we understand that prayer is required in order for our desires to please Allah and benefit from ibadah to be a reality.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked in Fataawa al-Siyaam (p. 87) about the ruling on the fasting of one who does not pray.
The fast of one who does not pray is not valid and is not accepted, because the one who does not pray is a kaafir and an apostate, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“But if they repent [by rejecting Shirk (polytheism) and accept Islamic Monotheism], perform As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah) and give Zakaah, then they are your brethren in religion”
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Between a man and shirk and kufr stands his giving up prayer.” Narrated by Muslim, 82. And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The covenant that separates us from them is prayer; whoever gives up prayer is a kaafir.”
Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2621; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani inSaheeh al-Tirmidhi.
However what we seem to be failing to truly understand and internalise is that this ruling is not just for Ramadan. The one who does not pray, all his good deeds will be invalid.
“Whoever abandons the ‘Asr prayer, his deeds of worship become void.”
This means that our striving, our dawah, our smiling as it is a sunnah, saying salaam, looking after our children, being good to our husbands, EVERYTHING that we do, is of no use to us in akhirah if we do not pray.
It is pointless being seen as a person who inspires and does good, it is pointless giving sadaqah, fasting, hajj EVERYTHING is pointless if we do not pray.
It is pointless as it will not benefit us in the akhirah.
Everything we do should be first with the intention to please Allah. But if we don’t pray, we don’t please Him SWT.
Think about this, take a moment to digest.
All the good deeds you do in a day. From making your husband a cup of tea, to feeding your kids, to smiling at your neighbour, to sharing beneficial knowledge. Think about all the things you do in a day.
What potential for reward is there?
What are you missing out on?
In Ramadan we understand that this is the month of mercy and blessings and we are afraid of missing out on the rewards.
However Allah SWT in His mercy, has given us so many opportunities out of Ramadan to gain his pleasure. In every action we do, every moment of the day there is an opportunity to gain his pleasure.
Giving £1 on layalatul Qadr may be like giving £1 every day for 83 years, but every moment of every day not in Ramadan we still have opportunities that are just as important to our scales of deeds. For every intention to do good there is a chance we will be rewarded.
By not praying we are throwing this down the pan.
We are no different in the merit of our deeds then those who do not believe in Allah.
This hadith is seen by the scholars as a severe deterrent. SO let us heed it. Let it deter us.
Let us be just as worried about the struggles and deeds we do daily being accepted, as our efforts in fasting being accepted.
It makes no sense not to be.
This is a reminder to myself first.
May Allah guide us and strengthen us, May He SWT allow us to continue the good habits we have upheld during Ramadan during the rest of the year. May He increase our iman, and accept our ibadah in all that we do. May He SWT guide us and keep us on the straight path and grant us jannah.
Dua from The Quran
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil ‘akhirati hasanatan waqina ‘adhaban-nar
Our Lord! Grant us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and save us from the chastisement of the fire
Al-Hasan said: ‘al-Hasana (good) in the Dunyaa is knowledge and worship, and in the Hereafter it is Paradise.’ Sufyan said: ‘al-Hasana (good) in the Dunyaa is knowledge and good provision, and in the Hereafter Paradise.’ [From: ‘Lattaif al-Ma’arif p.302
“Actions are according to intentions, and everyone will get what was intended. Whoever migrates with an intention for Allah and His messenger, the migration will be for the sake of Allah and his Messenger. And whoever migrates for worldly gain or to marry a woman, then his migration will be for the sake of whatever he migrated for.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
Scholars have commented that this hadith comprises one-third of knowledge because the actions of man involve his heart, his tongue and his limbs, and hence the intention in the heart is one-third of action
The names and attributes of Allah are part of tahweed (belief). To know Allah we need to know His attributes.
Al Mumin :
The One who faithfully bestows the gifts of peace, safety and security. The One who grants freedom from fear. The One who illuminates the heart with faith. The One who is most trustworthy.
1) From emaan, it means The One who gives emaan. Mu’min is One who has emaan, One who gives emaan and One who believes. Emaan is the opposite of denial. When we have emaan in something, we affirm that is true. Mu’min is One who believes, gives emaan and affirms the truth.
2)From aman (safety, security and freedom from fear), The One who gives Security and Peace. The opposite of security is i: fear, so Mu’min is The One who removes the fear. Furthermore, from this same root is the word amaanah (امانة), which give Al Mu’min the meaning of The One who is Faithful.
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Please join us in learning one hadith, one dua and one of Allah’s name a week.
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Dua from The Quran
حَسْبِيَ اللّهُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَهُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِي
Hasbiyah Allahu la Ilaa ha illa huwa. ‘alayhi twakkal tu wa huwa rabbul ‘arshil adheem (9:129)
Allah is sufficient for me. None has the right to be worshipped but He, in Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.
The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said, “Allah will grant whoever recites this seven times in the morning and evening whatever he desires from this world or the next.” [Saheeh, Sunan Abee Dawood]
Indeed the nearest to Allah are those who make salaam first. (Ahmad)
Exchanging salaam holds a high position in Islam. Not only is salaam equated with many other important deeds, but it is one of the defining criteria of belief.
The names and attributes of Allah are part of tahweed (belief). To know Allah we need to know His attributes.
Al Quddus :
The One who is Very Pure, Absolutely Pure, He is far and above anything that does not befit Him.
The basic meaning is derived from the word “Quds”-pure and blessed. So, Al-Quddus refers to one who is free and perfect from any deficiency, holy in all aspects
The First meaning of Qaf-daal-seen (ق د س), quds, is taharah (cleanliness). The verb qadasa is from the same root and it is used for the movement of a bucket. Why is it called qadasa? Because from the bucket that has water, you will obtain purity and cleanliness.
The second meaning of this root is barakah, a lot of goodness. So with this meaning, Al Quddoos means: The One who is Blessed, the One who is the Source of All Good, The One with a lot of Khayr. This root means to be or go far away. So Allah ta`ala (most High) is far from any impurity or imperfection.
See the speakers who will be at our Building the believers event!
Dua for morning and evening (morning between fajr and sunrise, evening between asr and maghrib)
Say the following invocation, three times in the morning and three times in the evening:
Bismillahi al-lazi la yadhurru ma’asmihi shay’un filardhi wala fis-sama i wa huwwa as-sami’u
In the Name of Allah, with Whose Name nothing harms, on earth and in Heavens, andHe is the All-Hearer, the All-Aware. At-Tirmidhi: 5/133 .
In the morning and in the evening.
‘A ‘uzu bikalimati Allahi at-tammati min sharri ma khalaq,Muslim: (An-Nawawi: 17/32)
(In addition to Tickets to jannah Duas)
Dua Before Removing Clothing
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ
Dua When Putting on Clothing
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي كَسَانِي مَا أُوَارِي بِهِ عَوْرَتِي وَأَتَجَمَّلُ بِهِ فِي حَيَاتِي
Dua for Marital Relations
Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) reported: “The Prophet (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said, ‘If you say the following invocation during sexual intercourse, and a baby is conceived, Satan would never harm that baby.
Allahumma jannibna ash-shaytan wa jannibi ash-shytan ma razaqtana.
O Allah! Keep us away from Satan, and keep Satan away from any blessing you bestow on us. Al-Bukhari (Fath Al-Bari: 1/291) and Muslim
Dua After Eating
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا وَجَعَلَنَا ْمُسْلِمِينَ
Dua before Sleeping
اَللّهُمَّ بِسْمِكَ أَمُوْتُ وَ أَحْيَ
O Allah, with Your name I die and live (Bukhari)
Dua Upon Waking Up.
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِىْ اَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا اَمَاتَنَا وَ اِلَيْهِ النُّشُوْرُ
Dua When Entering the Toilet
بِسْمِ اللهِ اَللّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنَ الخبُثِ وَ الخَبَائِثِ
In the name of Allah, O Allah, I seek your protection from male and female devils.(Bukhari)
Allahumma inni a’udu bika minal-khubtiwal-khba’iti
Dua When Leaving the Toilet
غُفْرَانَكَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِللَّهِ الَّذِيْ أَذْهَبَ عَنِّيْ الأَذّىَ وَ عَافَانِيْ
O Allah. I seek your forgiveness. All praises are due to Allah who has taken away from me the discomfort and granted me comfort.
Dua Before Eating
بِسْمِ الله وَبَرَكَةِ الل
In the name of Allah and with the blessings of Allah.(Al-Hisnul Haseen)
Dua When Entering a Market or Mall
لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ
وَهُوَ حَيٌّ لَا يَمُوتُ بِيَدِهِ الْخُيْرُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٍ
There is no Lord except Allah. He is One and has no partners. His is the Kingdom and for Him are all praises. He gives life and gives death. He is eternal and everlasting In His control is goodness, and He has power over everything.(Tirmidhi)
The messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Whoever enters the market and says: “None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise. He gives life and causes death, and He is living and does not die. In His hand is all good and He Omnipotent over all things.” ..Allah will wipe a million bad deeds from his record and grant him a million good deeds, and will elevate him a million degree (of virtue)- ([and will build him a house in paradise] in another narration)
. – laa ilaaha ill-allaahu waḥdahu laa shareeka lah, lah-ul-mulku wa lahul-ḥamdu, yuḥyee wa yumeetu wa huwa ḥayun laa yamootu, bi yadi-hil-khayru, wa huwa ‛alaa kulli shay’in qadeer
Daily dua and adhkar is referred to as “the Fortress of the Muslims”. What does this mean?
Fortress = a defense which is impenetrable, heavily protected building.
So what is the building we are protecting?
Faith is Imaan.
Why are we trying to protect our imaan?
Our imaan is the most valuable thing we have. Shaytaan attacks our imaan from various angles and tries to steal it.
Each of these circles is a protective sphere. Fardh acts protect our imaan, emphasised sunnahs (actions that if regularly left may be sinful, such as not doing sunnahs of wudhu and only washing once etc) protect our fardh actions, and so on.
1st precious thing is imaan,
2nd precious thing fardh
if Shaytaan cannot attack this, as it has a protective circle around it, then he will attack the next most important circle which is fardh.
Therefore the more lines of defense we have protecting our imaan, the stronger our defence against the attacks of Shaytaan.
If we don’t have these protective circles then shaytaan has a clear path to our imaan.
3rd precious thing Sunnah; if we remember our Sunnah, we will not forget our fardh.
4th precious thing adhab.
When we say only adhab, only sunnah is not important, then we have broken the barriers, and it is easy for us to relax and forget fardh and to relax and forget imaan.
Everything brought by Muhammad SAW has worth to it.
What are we protecting against?
The adkhar are part of the circle which includes sunnah acts Adhkar are those duas that are authentically narrated from the prophet alayhis salam and cover protection from all things. I advise you to buy a book called “The Fortress Of A Muslim” – a lot of them are in here)
the Adhkar (invocations and remembrances said at certain times on a regular basis) which are ordained by Allah. Plural of dhikr.
Benefits of Adhkar.
– keep Shaitan away from the person who recites them,
– prevent the evil from mankind and jinn from harming such people.
The person who recites these Adhkar on a daily basis builds around himself a fortress to protect himself from his enemy.
Unfortunately, most Muslims today are ignorant of these Adhkar, and very few recite them on a daily basis. As a result, we see many Muslims constantly falling victim to Shaitan and his associates from mankind and jinn, living in misery and depression all their lives
Most of them can be found among the ruins and dilapidated areas, as well as the places where there are many impure things, such as, bathrooms, hashish dens, garbage dumps, the places of the camels, cemeteries.
Ibn Taimiyyah – those people who are close to Satan usually inhibit such areas.
hadith – say that one should not pray in bathrooms due to the impurities present and because it is the abode of Satan, or in cemeteries as this leads to polytheism and it is also a home for the devils.
A Muslim should seek refuge with Allah (‘Azza wa Jalla) upon entering the toilet, because Satan takes advantage of the Muslim’s presence in the toilet in order to in this filthy place which is the home of Satanic Jinn.
“ One day, a Jinn informed methat he entered and possessed a person because he did not seek refuge in Allah uponentering the toilet. However, Allah supported me in driving him out of that person. Furthermore, one Jinn told me that Allah(‘Azza wa Jalla) has given us a strong weapon to conquer them, but we do not use it. I asked him what was it, and he said, ‘the invocations laid down by the Prophet (Peace and Blessing upon Him)
Personal hygiene is extremely important. Not only is it an integral part of faith to be clean and fresh, it is also directly linked with shayateen..
This is why we make the duaa before entering the bathroom “o Allah I seek refuge in you from the male and female unclean evil spirits”
When someone is possessed, one of the signs is that their personal hygiene will deteriorate. The person may refuse to shower or make wudhu. The shayateen hate places of purity, so let’s make our hearts and bodies a place of purity, filled with the remembrance of Allah. May Allah guide us to purity.
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) gave the following advice to one of his Companions,
The devils live in the same houses in which people live. One can stop them from entering or repel them from such houses by remembering or mentioning Allaah (dhikr), reciting the Qur’aan, in particular, surah al-Baqara and Aayatul Kursee (verse 255 of that surah).
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) stated that the devils spread out and roam about increasingly when the dark first comes, and, therefore, he has advised Muslims to bring in their children during that period of time. (AI-Bukhari & Muslim).
And the devils run away from the call to prayer and cannot stand listening to it. And in the month of Ramadhaan they are chained.
This is why we have recommended adkhar to make as protection when entering and leaving the bathroom, when entering the market place, when hearing the adhaan. We should not take things such as displaying pictures in our houses and the like, lightly.
Regularly reciting the Adhkar for morning and evening
-One of the greatest means of protecting oneself against witchcraft.
– prevent against witchcraft before it happens, protecting one against it and warding off its evil, and remedying it if it does happen.
Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
“Among the most effective divinely-prescribed remedies for witchcraft, indeed the only thing that works, for the effects of evil souls and warding off their effects can only be by means of that which opposes and resists them, namely Dhikr, the Qur’anic Verses and Du’as which cancel out their actions and effects. The stronger they are the further they will spread. This is like the meeting of two armies, each of which has its equipment and weapons with it; whichever of them overpowers the other and subdues it will emerge the victor.”
If the heart is filled with remembrance of Allah and has Du’as, Dhikrs, prayers for refuge which it never fails to recite, in which the person focuses with his heart and mind, this will be one of the greatest means of warding off witchcraft before it strikes and it is one of the greatest remedies for it after it has struck.
the Prophet (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:
“… and I enjoin you to remember Allah, for this is like a man who is being pursued by the enemy, then he comes to a strong fortress and saves himself from them. Similarly a man cannot save himself from the Shaytan except by means of Dhikr.” Narrated byAhmad in Al-Musnad, 408/202; Al-Tirmidhi, no.2867. This is a Sahih Hadith
What can happen if we don’t say these adkhar?
The Jinn wait for these opportunities.
The jinn referred to here are non muslim, bad jinn under the control of shaytaan, not Muslim Jinn.
Narrated Hudhaifah (may Allah be pleased with him)
We came to eat and a girl came as if she was being pushed (or impelled) forward and she went to put her hand in the food, but the messenger alayhis-salam grabbed her hand. Then a bedouin man came and it was as if he was being pushed (or impelled) forward, but the prophet (alayhis-salam) seized his hand and said:
“The Shaitan considers it permissible for himself to eat from the food over which the name of Allah is not mentioned; and he has come with this slave-girl trying to make lawful food for himself, and I grabbed her hand, and with this Bedouin man, trying to eat, and I grabbed his hand. By He who my soul is in His Hand, his hand and her hand are both in my hand.” (Collected by Muslim, 2017) (Mentioned in Zaad Al Ma’ad)
Jaabir (R.A.) narrates that Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) stated that when a man enters his home and makes Dhikr (remembers Allah) and also makes Dhikr at meal times, then Satan says to his colleagues that the night cannot be spent there nor can they partake of the peoples food and if no Dhikr was made on entering the house, then Satan says to his colleagues that they have an opportunity to spend the night there and if no Dhikr was made at meal times, then Satan tells his colleagues that they will be able to stay there and also get food.
(Mishkat, Chapter on food)
Women should wake up at fajr time and do the relevant adhkar even if they are not praying in order to protect themselves. So you wake up, say your adhkar and then go back to sleep. An added benefit of this is that you will be training your body to wake up at this time.
When you take your clothes off, say bismillah. This is especially important for sisters because the jinn can fall in love with a person based on their physical beauty
Use dua and adhkar the way you use paracetamol, infact, more often than that.
Every believing man and woman should read Adhkar and supplications for refuge and protection regularly at their appointed times. Muslims have to show humbleness and sincerity to Allah (may He be Exalted)while doing such readings. They have to put their trust in Him (Glorified and Exalted be He) for He is the One Who manages every thing, Who knows every thing, and Who is able to do every thing. There is neither deity nor Lord but Him (Glorified be He), in Whose Hand is giving, depriving, benefitting and harming, and Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is the Owner of everything.
My latest Project, a collaboration of writers, working on an online blogzine aimed at 11-15 year olds, the first issue is on friendship!
Check it out!
One of the themes of Surah Kahf is the importance of good company, here is a verse which sums it up quite well:
“Keep yourself constantly in the company of those who remember their Lord in the morning and afternoons, seeking His Pleasure. Do not turn your eyes away from them to chase after the glitter of the worldly life, and do not follow the one whom I have made his heart heedless of our remembrance, the one who follows his desires and whose deeds have been lost,” (Surah Kahf 18:28)
And keep yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and afternoon, seeking His Face;
meaning, sit with those who remember Allah, who say “La Ilaha Illallah”,who praise Him, glorify
Him, declare His greatness and call on Him, morning and evening, all the servants of Allah,
whether rich or poor, strong or weak.
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Another objection in the Hadith is regarding women being deficient in intelligence and religion. The concerned part of the Hadith is reproduced below:
“(Rasulullah ﷺ said), ‘I have not seen anyone more deficient in intellect or deen. Yet the mind of even a resolute man might be swept away by one of you.’ They said, ‘In what way is our deen and intellect deficient, Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘Is not the testimony of a woman worth only half that of a man?’ They said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘That is how your intellect is deficient. Is it not so that when a woman is menstruating, she neither prays nor fasts?’ They said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘That is how her deen is deficient.’” – (Bukhari; Book of Menstruation, Chapter of Menstruating Women Abstaining from Fast)
The statement in the Hadith regarding the deficiencies are general and do not incorporate everyone. It is nothing but a fact that a menstruating woman cannot offer Salah. So if a man and woman live for the same amount of time in the world, the total number of Salah offered by the man will be more because every month there will be a few days during which the woman will not be able to pray. But this is a general rule because there are many men who neither offer Salah nor fast. So obviously compared to them the Salah of a woman who is consistent will be more. Being deficient is not necessarily something bad and only that deficiency is bad for which one receives a sin e.g. if one leaves Salah on purpose. Further,even in this ‘deficiency’ there may be reward for her.
Allamah Badruddin Abu Muhammad Mahmood bin Ahmad al-‘Ayni in ‘Umdatul Qari Sharh Sahih Bukhari (Darul Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon; 2001, vol. pg 403
و قال النووي و نقص الدين قد يكون على وجه يأثم به, كمن ترك الصلاة بلا عذر, و قد يكون على وجه لا يأتم له, كمن ترك الجمعة بعذر, و قد يكون على وجه هو مكلف به كترك الحائض الصلاة و الصوم. فإن قيل: فإذا كانت معذورة, فهل تثاب على ترك الصلاة في زمن الحيض؟ و إن كانت لا تقضيها كما يثاب المريض، و يكتب له في مرضه مثل النوافل الصلوات التي كان يفعلها في صحته. و الجواب الظاهر هذا الحديث انها لا تثاب, و الفرق أن المريض كان يفعلها بنية الدوام عليها مع اهليته لها, و الحائض ليست كذلك, بل نيتها ترك الصلاة في زمن الحيض , و كيف لا و هي حرام عليها؟ قلت ينبغي أن يثاب علي ترك الحرام
“Imam Nawawi رحمة اللہ علیه said, Lack of one’s deen may be in a way where one commits a sin, such as the one who leaves Salah without any excuse, or it may be in a way for which one does not sin, such as the one who leaves Friday Prayer for a valid excuse, or it may also be in a way one is required to leave such as the menstruating woman leaving Salah and Fast. If one asks, ‘If she has an excuse for leaving Salah during menstruation, does she get rewarded even if she does not do Qadha just like the sick person who gets the reward for the Nawafil he used to pray while being healthy?’ And the apparent answer is that she does not get rewarded, and the difference between her and a sick person is that the sick person used to pray with the intention of praying with consistency and the knowledge that he will be able to do so, while the woman has the intention of not praying while having the period.And how can she pray when praying (during menstruation) is Haram on her? I say, ‘One should get rewarded for leaving the Haram.’”
As far as the witness issue and thus deficiency in intelligence is concerned, the ruling of two women witnesses is also found in the Qur’an in Surah Baqarah. It should be made clear that not in all matters is the witness of two women required. Such an issue on which there is Ijma’ where two women are required is the issue of financial transactions. This has been explained by Ibn Qudaamah in al-Mughni (Darul Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon; 1985, vol.10 pg 155-161) where he has also stated:
قال القاضي: و الذي تقبل فيه شهادتهن منفردات خمسة اشياء: الولادة, و الإستسهال, و الرضاع, و العيوب تحت الثياب كالرتق و القرن و البكارة و الثيابة و البرص, و إنقضاء العدة
“Qadhi said: And that in which the witness of only women of accepted is Birth, Crying of the Child at birth, Rida’, ‘Uyub under the clothes such as Ratq and Qarn, whether she is a virgin or not, Baras and the end of Iddah.”
Thus it is seen thatthere are many such cases where man has no knowledge and the witness of a woman is accepted. As far as the issue of financial dealing is concerned, some have explained that it has to do with the weakness of the memory of woman in mathematical issues. Some neuro-psychiatrists have also expressed this but it should be know that one should not be in favor of trying to justify or express the wisdom of the laws of Shari’ah with the help of science. This is because science is not absolute but the Wisdom of Allah is Absolute. It should however be noted that this deficiency that the Hadith talks about is general and not all encompassing.
Mufti ‘Aashiq Ilahi رحمة اللہ علیه writes in Anwarul Bayan (Darul Ishaat, Karachi, Pakistan; 2005, vol.1 pg 341):
“This applies to general circumstances since there are many exceptions where women may possess stronger memories, are more intelligent or better able to express themselves than men.”
Moreover, the Qur’an says in Surah Nur (24) verse 6-9:
وَالَّذِينَ يَرْمُونَ أَزْوَاجَهُمْ وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُمْ شُهَدَاء إِلَّا أَنفُسُهُمْ فَشَهَادَةُ أَحَدِهِمْ أَرْبَعُ شَهَادَاتٍ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
وَالْخَامِسَةُ أَنَّ لَعْنَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِن كَانَ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ وَيَدْرَأُ
عَنْهَا الْعَذَابَ أَنْ تَشْهَدَ أَرْبَعَ شَهَادَاتٍ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ
وَالْخَامِسَةَ أَنَّ غَضَبَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهَا إِن كَانَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
Those who accuse their wives (of adultery) while they have no witnesses except their own selves, then the evidence of one of them would be to swear four oaths by Allah that he is truthful,
and the fifth (oath) that Allah‘s curse be on him if he is one of the liars.
And it will remove the punishment from the woman if she swears four oaths by Allah that he (the accuser husband) is certainly one of the liars,
and the fifth (oath) that Allah‘s wrath be on her if he is one of the truthful.
In this example it is seen that a woman’s witness by Li’aan is enough to be accepted over the husband’s oath. Mufti Shafi’ Usmani رحمة اللہ علیه in Ma’ariful Qur’an (Maktaba e Darul ‘Uloom, Karachi, Pakistan; 2007, vol.6 pg 363) writes:
The suggestion that the woman is half a person, because of the requirement for two women as witness in some issues, is very incorrect. Firstly if woman was something inferior or degraded in Islam then there would not have been an issue where only a woman’s witness would suffice and as seen in the case above, given preference over the man’s witness. And if a woman is said to be half because of certain cases of witness, then where man’s witness is not counted, Islam did not even give that status of half a person to man. Additionally it can also be argued that normally two men are required to complete the requirement of witness in an issue but in the case of adultery the requirement is of four men. Then one should also say that man is half a person as well. Hence such arguments are baseless and do not have any ground to stand upon.
By not making ‘equal’ the witness of one woman to one man in certain cases, there is yet wisdom of Allah. It is not easy to go through the process of being a witness, becoming an enemy of the person against whom one is becoming a witness and at times even travel from one city to another to give the shahadah. These are all stressful and difficult matters and Allah has relieved the woman from such difficulties otherwise it would have been obligatory for the woman to go through all such hurdles to give testimony as Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Baqarah (2) verse 283:
…وَلاَ تَكْتُمُواْ الشَّهَادَةَ وَمَن يَكْتُمْهَا فَإِنَّهُ آثِمٌ قَلْبُهُ…
“…Do not conceal testimony. Whoever conceals it, his heart is surely, sinful…”
In another Hadith, in Muwatta Imam Malik as well as in Sahih Muslim, it is stated:
حدثنا يحيى عن مالك عن عبد الله بن أبي بكر بن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم عن أبيه عن عبد الله بن عمرو بن عثمان عن أبي عمرة الأنصاري عن زيد بن خالد الجهني أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال ألا أخبركم بخير الشهداء الذي يأتي بشهادته قبل أن يسألها أو يخبر بشهادته قبل أن يسألها۔ موطأ مالك، كِتَاب الْأَقْضِيَةِ، بَاب مَا جَاءَ فِي الشَّهَادَاتِ
Rasulullah ﷺ said, “Shall I not tell you who is the best of witnesses? The one who brings his testimony before he is asked for it, or tells his testimony before he is asked for it.” – (Muwatta Imam Malik; Book of Judgments, Chapter of Testimonies)
Another Hadith narrated by Abu Musa al-Ash’ari says,
قال رسول اللہ ﷺ من کتم شھادة اذا دعی الیھا کان کمن شھد بالزور۔ جمع الفوائد بحواله طبرانی صفه ۲٦ جلد ١
Rasulullah ﷺ said, “Whosoever is called to give witness and then he conceals it, it is as if he has given false witness.” – (Jama’ul Fawa’id with reference to Tabrani, vol.1 pg 26)
It is but for their ease and comfort that the responsibility of certain things are not put on their shoulders unless there is a necessity. Where the burden and responsibility is put on the shoulders of one man, there it has been divided among two women.
By Ebrahim Saifuddin
http://www.peopleofsunnah.com/images…en_in_hell.jpgحدثنا سعيد بن أبي مريم قال أخبرنا محمد بن جعفر قال أخبرني زيد هو ابن أسلم عن عياض بن عبد الله عن أبي سعيد الخدري قال خرج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في أضحى أو فطر إلى المصلى فمر على النساء فقال يا معشر النساء تصدقن فإني أريتكن أكثر أهل النار فقلن وبم يا رسول الله قال تكثرن اللعن وتكفرن العشير ما رأيت من ناقصات عقل ودين أذهب للب الرجل الحازم من إحداكن قلن وما نقصان ديننا وعقلنا يا رسول الله قال أليس شهادة المرأة مثل نصف شهادة الرجل قلن بلى قال فذلك من نقصان عقلها أليس إذا حاضت لم تصل ولم تصم قلن بلى قال فذلك من نقصان دينها۔ بخاری، کتاب الحیض، باب ترک الحائض الصوم
It is related that Abu Sa’id al-Khudri رضي الله عنه said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ, set out to the place of prayer on the Day of Adha or Fitr and passed by the women. He said, ‘O congregation of women! Give alms for I have seen that you will make up the majority of the inhabitants of the Fire!’ They said, ‘Why, Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘You call down too many curses and show ingratitude to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intellect or deen. Yet the mind of even a resolute man might be swept away by one of you.’ They said, ‘In what way is our deen and intellect deficient, Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘Is not the testimony of a woman worth only half that of a man?’ They said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘That is how your intellect is deficient. Is it not so that when a woman is menstruating, she neither prays nor fasts?’ They said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘That is how her deen is deficient.'” – (Bukhari; Book of Menstruation, Chapter of Menstruating Women Abstaining from Fast)
Majority of the Dwellers of Hell
A number of questions have been raised regarding the above-mentioned Hadith which is reported in a number of collections. The first objection raised is regarding more women being dwellers of Hell-fire. This statement has been reported in both Bukhari and Muslim.
The narration in Muslim is as follows:
حدثنا هداب بن خالد حدثنا حماد بن سلمة ح وحدثني زهير بن حرب حدثنا معاذ بن معاذ العنبري ح وحدثني محمد بن عبد الأعلى حدثنا المعتمر ح وحدثنا إسحق بن إبراهيم أخبرنا جرير كلهم عن سليمان التيمي ح وحدثنا أبو كامل فضيل بن حسين واللفظ له حدثنا يزيد بن زريع حدثنا التيمي عن أبي عثمان عن أسامة بن زيد قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قمت على باب الجنة فإذا عامة من دخلها المساكين وإذا أصحاب الجد محبوسون إلا أصحاب النار فقد أمر بهم إلى النار وقمت على باب النار فإذا عامة من دخلها النساء۔ مسلم، کتاب الرقاق، باب أكثر أهل الجنة الفقراء وأكثر أهل النار النساء وبيان الفتنة بالنساء
Usama bin Zaid رضي الله عنه reported that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said, “I stood at the door of Paradise and I found that the overwhelming majority of those who entered therein was that of poor persons and the wealthy persons were detained to get into that. The denizens of Hell were commanded to get into Hell, and I stood upon the door of Fire and the majority amongst them who entered there was that of women.” – (Muslim; Kitabul Riqaq, Chapter of Majority of People of Jannah are the Poor and Majority of the People of Hell are Women and Fitnah by Women)
These Ahadith suggest that the population of women will be more than men in Hell. In another Hadith reported in Sahih Bukhari it is stated:
It is related from Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “The first group to enter the Garden will be like the moon on the night of the full moon. They will not need to spit nor blow their noses nor defecate. Their vessels will be golden and their combs will be gold and silver. Their braziers will burn fragrant aloes-wood and their perspiration will be like musk. Each of them will have two wives, so beautiful that the marrow of their thighs will be able to be seen through the flesh, and there will be no disagreement between them nor any ill will. Their hearts will be one, glorifying Allah morning and evening.” – (Bukhari; Book of Beginning of Creation, Chapter of What has come about the description of the Garden and that it is created)
In this Hadith it is observed that people entering Jannah will all have two wives. When some people were discussing the issue of whether there will be more men or women in Jannah, Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه assessed that there will be more women in Jannah and this narration is reported in Sahih Muslim as follows:
حدثني عمرو الناقد ويعقوب بن إبراهيم الدورقي جميعا عن ابن علية واللفظ ليعقوب قالا حدثنا إسمعيل ابن علية أخبرنا أيوب عن محمد قال إما تفاخروا وإما تذاكروا الرجال في الجنة أكثر أم النساء فقال أبو هريرة أو لم يقل أبو القاسم صلى الله عليه وسلم إن أول زمرة تدخل الجنة على صورة القمر ليلة البدر والتي تليها على أضوإ كوكب دري في السماء لكل امرئ منهم زوجتان اثنتان يرى مخ سوقهما من وراء اللحم وما في الجنة أعزب۔ مسلم، كتاب الجنة وصفة نعيمها وأهلها، باب أول زمرة تدخل الجنة على صورة القمر ليلة البدر وصفاتهم وأزواجهم
“Muhammad reported that some (people) stated with a sense of pride and some discussed whether there would be more men in Paradise or more women. It was upon this that Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reported that Abu’l Qasim ﷺ said: The first group to get into Paradise would have their faces as bright as full moon during the night, and the next to this group would have their faces as bright as the shining stars in the sky, and every person would have two wives and the marrow of their shanks would glimmer beneath the flesh and there would be none without a wife in Paradise.” (Muslim; Book Pertaining to Paradise, Its Description, Its Bounties and Its Intimates, Chapter of First Group to Enter Paradise will have Faces Bright as Moon, Their Description and Their Wives)
This shows that the number of women will be higher than the men in Jannah. However, a question arises that how can women be majority in both Hell and Heaven. Imam Nawawi رحمة اللہ علیه in Sharh Muslim (First Edition; al-Matba’ah al-Misriyyah bil Azhar, v.17 pg 172) has written:
قال القاضي : ظاهر هذا الحديث أن النساء أكثر أهل الجنة . وفي الحديث الآخر أنهن أكثر أهل النار ، قال : فيخرج من مجموع هذا أن النساء أكثر ولد آدم
“Al-Qadhi said: ‘It is apparent from this Hadith that most of the people of Jannah are women, and from the other Hadith most of the people of Hell are women. What one can understand from both these Ahadith is that majority of the children of Adam are women.’”
Mufti Taqi Usmani is quoted in In’amul Bari (v.1 pg 454) to have stated:
“Some people have stated that this is not an issue as there can be a majority of women in both places. This answer will be acceptable when it is stated that the majority of the population of the world is of women.
But to state this is difficult as by the population of the world it is meant, the collective population that was since the beginning and will be till the end of time. However in a Hadith it is stated that towards the end of times the ratio of women will be more than men and in some countries we see this condition today.”
A Hadith in Sahih Bukhari confirms:
حدثنا مسدد قال حدثنا يحيى عن شعبة عن قتادة عن أنس بن مالك قال لأحدثنكم حديثا لا يحدثكم أحد بعدي سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول من أشراط الساعة أن يقل العلم ويظهر الجهل ويظهر الزنا وتكثر النساء ويقل الرجال حتى يكون لخمسين امرأة القيم الواحد۔ بخاری، كتاب العلم، باب رفع العلم وظهور الجهل
“Anas رضي الله عنه said, ‘I am relating a hadith to you which no one after me will relate to you. I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say, ‘Among the signs of the Hour are that knowledge becomes negligible, ignorance appears, fornication appears, and there are many women and few men so that one man has to look after fifty women.’” (Bukhari; Book of Knowledge, Chapter of Disappearance of Knowledge and Appearance of Ignorance)
قلت: و هذه مشاهدة النبي ﷺ في هذا الوقت, فعلهن كن إذ ذاك أكثرها, و ليس فيه بيان حكم جميع النساء, و لا مشاهدة جميع الأزمان
“I say, ‘This is what the Prophet ﷺ saw at that time, so perhaps till then, they were majority of the people in Hell and neither does it include any general ruling on all the women, nor does it indicate the seeing of women of all times.’”
It should be understood that this issue is not as plain as reading one Hadith and thinking that one has reached an understanding of that topic. It is often seen in Muslims, especially in this day and age of the internet where they have access to a whole lot of information without proper knowledge, that they read something from here and something from there and think they have learnt the topic. We have seen how there are a number of Ahadith on this topic and some seem contradictory. In order to reconcile these Ahadith, the great scholars of Islam have offered a number of explanations for these Ahadith so that one can understand the true picture.
For a moment we will say that Ahadith teach that the majority of the dwellers of Hell will be women. Even if this is true, there should be no contention in this matter. One of the two had to be more in Hell, either the men or the women. It is just as such that women are the majority. If men had been the majority then people would have questioned ‘why are men the majority?’ It is thus not any ‘flaw’ of Islam that women will form the majority but rather the flaw of the way man thinks about what is stated.
Secondly to think that this is something which gives men superiority over the women is rather ridiculous. A man who may boast his superiority and lack behind in following the deen and be sinful will end up in Hell along with everyone else. One has to worry about themselves rather than worrying about others. Will this man then point finger at his mother, sister, wife and daughter and be happy that they have a “better chance” of being in Hell? Every man and woman has been given the opportunity to save themselves from being the dwellers of Hell and they should grasp this opportunity instead of worrying how many percentage of women and how many of men will end up in Hell. How about worrying about how much we have done to ensure our entrance into Jannah.
Rasulullah ﷺ, along with the reason has also mentioned a cure. The reason he gave are a matter of nature of women. Now a woman might say, ‘but this is not true as I do not have those qualities.’ Her statement that she does not have those qualities might be true but on what basis can she say that all the women Rasulullah ﷺ saw in Hell for this quality did not have those two qualities in them? The best course of action for one to take is to simply avoid cursing as well as showing ingratitude. Apart from this, one should also give charity as that helps cleanse our ill-doings. These cures have been mentioned by Rasulullah ﷺ for our benefit and one should focus on securing their Hereafter by using the antidote given to us.
Just like when a person is affected by some illness or born with some deficiency, he goes to the doctor for the cure and when a cure is advised then the person ensures to act upon it. So even if we state that all women till the end of time were created with this nature of cursing and showing ingratitude, the cure is mentioned and one should use it. Why do we waste time arguing over this instead of securing our Aakhirah?
However, as stated before, scholars have explained the seeming contradictions in the Ahadith in a number of ways. Four such explanations were mentioned above and will be repeated in a summarized manner below.
First is that scholars have maintained that it is possible that initially the majority of people in Hell would be women and later after they have completed their punishment they will end up in Jannah.
The second explanation is that women will be a majority by possibility but then Allah will forgive them and they will enter Jannah.
A third possibility is that it refers to the entire number of women from the start of creation to the end of it. The number of women would be more than the number of men and thus it is not surprising that the number of women in Hell and Jannah will be higher than the number of men.
Fourth explanation given is that it referred to women till that time at which Rasulullah ﷺ had seen them and it does not incorporate all women and does not refer to all times.
All these are all matters of the unseen and the conditions of Hell and Paradise cannot be explained and understood in their entirety with our limited intellect and knowledge. What we know is that Allah is Just and will not put in Hell anyone who does not deserve to be in Hell. Thus it is better to worry about our doings and not give much thought on such issues as to who will be more in Hell and who will be more in Jannah. May Allah, by His Mercy, save us from the Hellfire and grant us Jannatul Firdous.
We live a short life in this world and have a limited amount of time to do good deeds to secure a place in Jannah with the Mercy of Allah. However, we spend that time dwelling over questions which have no productive effect on our deeds and in no way help us in the Hereafter. The history of Islam is full of women with great achievements in different fields. On the witness of one woman, ‘Ayesha رضی اللہ عنھا, we have a great many number of Ahadith on which many rulings of fiqh are based. Hasan al-Basri رحمة اللہ علیه narrated from his mother Khayrah رحمة اللہ علیھا, a woman. Al-Aqd ath-Thanein mentions Zulaykha bint Ilyas al-Wa’iz رحمة اللہ علیھا who narrated from the scholars of Makkah and earned dual blessings of worship and narration of Hadith. There are many such examples of great women in Islamic history who excelled in their fields. Our time should not be wasted on contemplating how the Hereafter will be. Its state will be seen once we are there but while we are here let us not waste time on asking the question ‘Who will be in Jannah or Jahannam?’ but let us all ask ourselves ‘Will I be in Jannah or Jahannam?’واللہ اعلم