# KS2

Key Stage Two – Mathematics

During Key Stage Two mathematics, students learn to use the number system more confidently. They move from counting reliably to calculating fluently.

Our Aim:

To help students become more fluent and confident in their problem solving and help them to develop and use mental methods with ease.

Students will be taught:

1) Problem Solving
A. How to break down a more complex problem or calculation into simpler steps.
B. To find different ways of approaching a problem in order to overcome any difficulties.
C. To make mental estimates of the answers to calculations.

2) Communicating
A. How to use diagrams and symbols correctly.
B. How to make use of precise mathematical language.
C. How to translate data into charts and bar graphs.

3) Reasoning
A. How to search for pattern in their results.
B. How to develop logical thinking and explain their reasoning.

4) Number Patterns and Sequences
A. How to recognise and understand patterns in sequences.
B. How to work out the number rules.

5) Fractions
A. How to understand fractions and use them to find fractions of quantities.
B. How to understand equivalent fractions and how to simplify fractions.
C. Students will also learn how to convert fractions into decimals and percentages.

6) Percentages
A. How to find percentages of numbers.
B. How to increase and decrease percentage of an amount.
C. How to convert percentages into decimals and fractions.

7) Decimals

A. How to understand decimals, and put them accurately on a number line.

B. How to round numbers to specific decimal places.

C. How to order decimals.

D. How to convert decimals to percentages and fractions.

E. How to understand decimals in relation to tenths, hundredths and thousandths.

8) Ratio and Proportion

A. How to solve problems involving ratio and proportion.

B. How to understand the use of ratio and proportion.

9) Mental Methods

A. How to quickly work out solutions in their heads.

B. Working out mental methods in set times (i.e. five, ten, and fifteen seconds)

C. Knowing all their times tables from one to twelve.

10) Calculator Methods
A. How to accurately use a calculator for calculations.

B. How to use a scientific calculator accurately.
11) Measurement and Units of Conversion

A. Students will learn and recognise the standard units of length, mass and capacity.

B. How to convert units of measurement.

C. How to choose the correct unit of measurement for everyday situations.

12) 2D and 3D Shapes

A. How to understand shapes and their features.
B. How to recognise the different shapes.

C. How to work out the angles of shapes.

Key Stage Two – Science

During Key Stage Two, students learn about a wider range of living things and materials. They also study the world around them in more depth.

Our Aim:

To help students apply their knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas to everyday things and their personal health. We also aim to help students to begin to think about the positive and negative effects of scientific and technological developments on the environment and in other contexts.

Students would be taught:

1) Life Processes
A. That the life processes common to humans and other animals include nutrition, movement, growth and reproduction.
B. That the life processes common to plants include growth, nutrition and reproduction.
C. To make links between life processes in familiar animals and plants and the environments in which they are found.

2) Humans and other Animals

A. Nutrition

i) Students will learn about the functions and care of teeth.
ii) The need for food for activity and growth, and about the importance of a varied diet for health.

B. Circulation

i) The heart acts as a pump to circulate the blood through vessels around the body.
ii) The effect of exercise and rest on pulse rate.
iii) That the heart pumps oxygen and energy from food throughout the body.

C. Movement

i) That some animals are vertebrate and others are invertebrate.
ii) That humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles to support and protect their bodies and to help them to move.
iii) Growth.

D. Health
i) The effects on the human body of legal and illegal drugs, and how these relate to their personal health.

3) Plants
A. Photosynthesis.
B. The role of the leaf in photosynthesis and growth.
C. That the root anchors the plant, and that water and minerals are taken in through the root and transported to other parts of the plant.
D. About reproduction in plants and the parts of the flower (for example, stigma, stamen, petal, sepal) and their role in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation, seed dispersal and germination.

4) Variation and Classification
A. Students will be taught to make and use keys.
B. How variation is the differences between species.

5) Living things in their Environment
A. The differences between an animals habitat and environment.
B. How animals adapt to survive in their environment.
C. About the different plants and animals found in different habitats.
D. To use food chains and food webs to show feeding relationships in a habitat.
E. About how the food chain affects a particular environment.

6) Micro-organisms
A. That micro-organisms are living organisms that are often too small to be seen, and that some may be beneficial and others harmful.

7) Materials
A. Students will be taught to compare everyday materials and objects on the basis of their properties.
B. That some materials are better thermal insulators than others.
C. That some materials are better electrical conductors than others.
D. To understand the difference between solids, liquids and gasses.

8) Electricity
A. How parallel and series circuits work.
B. To construct circuits, including components such as battery, switch and lightbulb.
C. How to represent circuits by drawings symbols.

9) Forces and Motion
A. Students will learn about the different types forces, such as gravity, friction, air resistance and magnetic forces.
B. How these forces affect our lives.
C. Hoe to measure forces and identify the direction in which they act.

10) Light and Sound
A. Students will learn that light travels from a source.
B. That light cannot pass through some materials, and how this leads to the formation of shadows.
C. That light is reflected from surfaces.
D. How light effects how we see things.
E. How sounds are made when objects vibrate.
F. How fast light and sound travel.

11) The Earth
A. Students will be taught how the planets and their moons stay in orbit.
B. How gravity affects this orbit.
C. How the moon affects the earth.
D. How day and night are related to the spin of the Earth on its own axis.
E. How the Earth orbits the Sun once each year, and that the Moon takes approximately 28 days to orbit the Earth.
F. How the seasons are created.

12) Health and Safety
A. To understand that everyday objects can be hazardous and how to avoid that danger.

Students will learn that science is about thinking creatively to try to explain how living and non-living things work, and to establish links between causes and effects. They will also learn that it is important to test ideas using evidence from observation and measurement.

Key Stage Two – English

In English, during Key Stage Two students learn to change the way they speak and write to suit different situations, purposes and audiences. They read a wide variety of texts and respond to different meanings in them. They explore the use of language in literature and learn how language works.

Our Aim:

To make sure the students fully understand how to compose texts, understand what they are reading and communicate their ideas on what they are learning.

We will cover the following (and more):
2) The different types of Nouns and how to use them.
4) Verb tenses.
5) Creative writing.
6) Similes and metaphors.
7) Connectives.
8) Clauses and phrases (from main clause, to subordinate clause).
9) Spelling, spelling rules and the use of new words.
10) Homophones.
11) Prepositions.
12) Standard and non-standard English (also formal and informal).
13) Constructing sentences.
14) Conditionals.
15) Contractions.
16) Proverbs.
17) Active and Passive verbs.
18) Personification, Alliteration, Rhyme and Assonance.